There i met the debate about female circumcision and work for a change of the practice in discussions with youth and older women and men, analysis of the discourse on female circumcision revealed a discourse of a who has made attempts to classify different types of female circumcision type i imply. Deconstructionist critics regard language as a fundamentally unstable medium—the words “tree” or “dog,” for instance, undoubtedly conjure up different mental images for different people—and therefore, because literature is made up of words, literature possesses no fixed, single meaning. Editorial: female circumcision in africa by prof gloria t emeagwali chief editor of africaupdate the nigerian feminist and literary critic, molara ogundipe- leslie, in her provocative and insightful text, recreating ourselves: african women and critical transformations (awp, 1994), wonders at the growing popularity of narratives of victimhood about african women, in euro-american. Objective to systematically review studies of male circumcision and the risk of hiv-1 infection in men in sub-saharan africa, and to summarize the findings in a meta-analysis design a meta-analysis of observational studies methods a systematic literature review was carried out of studies published up to april 1999 that included circumcision as a risk factor for hiv-1 infection among men in. Male genital mutilation (circumcision) literature review a) the cultural history of circumcision in pre-modern societies b) circumcision in modern societies iii) the theoretical framework the differences of motives behind male and female circumcision c) differences concerning the nature and consequences of the procedure.
The intact male and female genitalia have evolved to work together to optimize sexual sensation during sexual activity  in the nineteenth century, british and american physicians introduced circumcision of boys (and also of girls) in a vain attempt to prevent masturbation [11. Portrayal of women in literature negative ideas of women the predominance of male authors until comparatively recently, the majority of published writers were men and the portrayal of women in literature was inevitably one-sided. Response to: female genital mutilation and obstetric outcomes: flawed systematic review and meta-analysis does not accurately reflect the available evidence, rigmor c berg, jan odgaard-jensen, atle fretheim, vigdis underland, and gunn vist obstetrics and gynecology international. Literature, most generically, is any body of written worksmore restrictively, literature refers to writing considered to be an art form, or any single writing deemed to have artistic or intellectual value, often due to deploying language in ways that differ from ordinary usage.
Just when women thought soft beta men in the united states, inc were the scariest, most vicious creatures they could imagine, religious and cultural beliefs surface which say cutting the clitoris off women is important the practice of female circumcision is already widespread in the middle east. 1 analyzing literature: a guide for students thinking about the genre literary analysis is a genre that in many ways resembles an argument: you make a claim about the. The following is a sampling of peer reviewed medical studies pertaining to circumcision and the prepuce (foreskin) that has been published and is accessible in full or part online. This is for me the main reason because female circumcision is a horrible crime while male circumcision should be mandatory at least at legal adulthood women’s bodies deserve much more respect than male body. Thesis statements in literary analysis papers the thesis statement is one of the (if not the) most important parts of your paper—think of it as it presents an interpretation of a literary work based on an analysis of it content and answers the “so what” question.
2 this report is dedicated to lynde francis 1947–2009 founder of the ﬁrst aids treatment clinic in zimbabwe inﬂuencer of formative dialogue around women and medical male circumcision. D enjoy proficient essay writing and custom writing services provided by professional academic writers onyemaechi udumukwu christian apologist, an analysis of female circumcision in the different literary works born at flavia neapolis, about a 19-7-2017 we provide excellent essay writing service 24/7 130, taught and defended the christian religion in asia minor and. The methodology of the study aimed at recognizing the extent of the diffusion of female circumcision in the ten localities through exploratory survey targeted at the female teachers and the mothers of the girls at the basic level and kindergarten age. The centers for disease control and prevention (cdc) have announced a set of provisional guidelines concerning male circumcision, in which they suggest that the benefits of the surgery outweigh.
Female circumcision is an expression used in the popular media and scholarly literature for a variety of female genital operations performed in tradi- tional societies, generally as part of an initiation ritual. It also overlaps with gender criticism in exploring how men and women may read the same text with different assumptions gender criticism: this type of criticism examines how sexual identity influences the creation and reception of literary works. Literary analysis: using elements of literature students are asked to write literary analysis essays because this type of assignment encourages you to think about how and why a poem, short story, novel, or play was written. A biocultural analysis of circumcision ronald s immerman and wade c mackey department of psychiatry, metrohealth medical centre, case western reserve university, cleveland, ohio 44106 and townshire manor, suite #6, bryan, texas 77801 abstract: the phenomenon of circumcision may well serve a range of religious and symbolic functions. Male circumcision is the removal of the foreskin from the human penis in the most common procedure, the foreskin is opened, adhesions are removed, and the foreskin is separated from the glansafter that, a circumcision device may be placed and then the foreskin is cut off topical or locally injected anesthesia is sometimes used to reduce pain and physiologic stress.
Circumcision: cultural-legal analysis references to the unnaturalness of circumcision are ubiquitous in the contemporary literature non-circumcision is the natural it happens to involve the same area but the problems with it and the reasons for doing it are widely different female circumcision is an extremely disfiguring and. Literary works literary works include nondramatic textual works with or without illustrations they may be published or nonpublished computer programs and databases also are considered literary works. Methods of circumcision all my means are sane, my motive and my object mad the clamp is made in a set with different-sized bells and rings and there is a danger of mixing parts of different sizes in 2001, the fda issued a warning against a non-reusable circumcision device made of plastic works by cutting off circulation to the. Female circumcision, the partial or total cutting away of the external female genitalia, has been practiced for centuries in parts of africa, generally as one element of a rite of passage preparing young girls for womanhood and marriage.
This article intends to present the scandinavian legislation on female genital mutilation and explore the implications of the laws juxtaposing trends of plastic genital surgery in the west with. Literature – critical theory & critical perspectives what is literary or critical theory before the emergence of feminist theory, the works of female writers (or works about females) were examined by the same standards as those by male writers (and about men) (negative attitudes toward women) in literature.
This meta-analysis was performed to assess sexual functions following adult male circumcision we searched the cochrane central register of controlled trials, pubmed, embase, the cochrane database of systematic review and web of science from their inception until january 2013 to identify all.